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Callanish Stone Ring

Listed under Sacred Spaces in Scotland, United Kingdom.

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Remotely located on an island off the northwestern coast of Scotland, the stone ring of Callanish is one of the most beautiful megalithic constructions in Europe. Archaeological excavations at the stone ring have determined a construction period as early as 3400 BC. The ring seems to have originally been the center of an arrangement of standing stones approached by an avenue of stones 270 feet long. As it now exists the ring is composed of thirteen stones, the tallest being 15 feet tall and weighing 5 - 6 tons.

The ring of Callanish, like many other similar structures in Europe, had both astronomical and ceremonial functions. Unlike the astronomers of modern times who use powerful telescopes to look far into the distant universe, archaic astronomers were interested in the movements and positions of the sun, moon and planets relative to the earth. The stones in the perimeter of the stone rings were used as sighting devices to track the rising and falling of these celestial bodies along the horizon. This was done to determine particular periods, such as the sun’s solstices and equinoxes and various lunar periods. During these periods the stone rings were used for ceremonial and shamanic functions. Scientific studies conducted at megalithic sites across Europe have determined that different geophysical energies are unusually strong at the stone rings, especially on key solar and lunar periods, and that ancient sages used these energies for healing and spiritual functions. While the stones shown in the photograph are the most prominent and visually striking objects in the area, they are only one part of a large cluster of some twenty megalithic ruins within a two-mile radius.

Callanish on the Sacred Sites Website.

Written by  Martin Gray.

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