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Masjid al-Haram

Listed under Mosques in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.

  • Photo of Masjid al-Haram
  • Photo of Masjid al-Haram
  • Photo of Masjid al-Haram
  • Photo of Masjid al-Haram
Photo of Masjid al-Haram
Photo by flickr user amellie
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The prayer space is built on a five-meter grid. Its arcade is roofed with square coffers decorated with plaster molding. The columns are clad with marble panels, whereas the arches are covered with artificial stone and plaster moldings. Along the axis linking the Fahd Gate to the Ka'ba, three grid modules are covered with domes decorated with muqarnas squinches molded with plaster, that carry drums perforated by thirty-two arched windows. The dome space is illuminated with colored glass chandeliers and a backlit stained glass panel at the apex. The interior walls of the prayer hall are clad with a marble dado of 2.5 meters high. This decorative element was used to conceal loud speakers and electrical wiring.

The rooftop of the new extension is linked to the roof of the entire complex, which is designed to accommodate overflow. The prayer area also extends also to numerous plazas outside the mosque. The outdoor plaza at the southeast corner outside of Fahd Gate slopes slightly downward, emphasizing the direction of prayer. Parallel to the northeastern and the southwestern walls of the new extension, two rectangular projections were built to conceal the escalators connecting the basements and parking facilities below ground to the public plaza and the prayer halls above.

The second Saudi extension of the Masjid al-Haram took into consideration the architectural unity of the complex. The façade of the new praying space built by King Fahd blends in with the previous constructions, with its gray marble facing from the nearby Fatimah Mountains, inlaid with carved white marble bands and window frames. The monumental King Fahd Gate, which gives access to the new extension, consists of three arches with black and white voussoirs and carved white marble decoration. The gate is flanked by two minarets matching the older ones. The window modules along the façade of the prayer hall are covered with brass mashrabiyya and framed with carved bands of white marble. The minor gates have green tiled sloped canopies.

Masjid al-Haram on Sacred Destinations.

Written by  Martin Gray.

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how it is formed and build

god is great nobody is great before god

Masjid al-Haram and the Kaaba

The Kaaba, Ka’bah or Kabah is what Muslims are looking to when they face towards Mecca, and the Masjid al-Haram (‘The Sacred Mosque’) mosque was built around it allowing pilgrims and worshippers a place to pray.

Physically the Kaaba is a cube of black granite around 13 metres tall, raised on a marble plinth and covered in a black silk curtain decorated with text stitched in gold. Inside it has a marble floor and walls and carved tablets. There are several origins stories for the Kaaba, but the nicest one suggests it was the central marker for a 20 mile combat embargo zone in times of ancient tribal strife and it gained significance as a religious sanctuary and market.

The Masjid al-Haram is the world’s largest, and one of the three main Islamic pilgrimage sites, capable of fitting four million worshippers in both its indoor and courtyard prayer spaces.

Supposedly this mosque was first built by angels but has been rebuilt subsequently by humans, the first person to do so being Adam. The earliest parts of the current building date from around 1570, but most of the beautiful open courtyards, minarets and detailed mosaics date from the 1620’s.

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