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Listed under Historic Towns and Villages in Rome, Italy.

  • Photo of Palestrina
  • Photo of Palestrina
  • Photo of Palestrina
  • Photo of Palestrina
  • Photo of Palestrina
  • Photo of Palestrina
  • Photo of Palestrina
Photo of Palestrina
Photo by flickr user strife
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Known to the Romans as Praeneste, the town of Palestrina is ancient town sited about 30 km to the east of Rome. In fact, the city is older than you would at first believe as archaeologists have unearthed what they believe are artifacts from the Etruscan civilization, who predated and were co-opted by the Romans. The city suffered through the Latin War and the Social War of Roman history and was sacked by Sulla. Later, during the time of the empire, the town became something of a resort, as Tiberius, Pliny the Younger, and Marcus Aurelius (among others) all had villas built here.

The city is best known for the Temple of Fortuna Primigenia. This building was actually integrated into the hill, and had been built over by the modern town. Allied bombing during World War Two revealed teh ancient structure. It was huge, less a building than a complex, and had separate sections to serve as a temple and a forum. Today, it's open for viewing, and is certainly close to the town!

While you're there, check out the National Archeological Museum of Palestrina. You can find it in Renaissance Barberini Palacem which is close to the Fortuna Primigenia temple. Roman art scholars will certainly want to see the Capitoline Triad housed inside.

Written by  Robert Evans.

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