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Kaymakli Underground Settlement

Listed under Archaeological Sites in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey.

Photo of Kaymakli Underground Settlement
Photo by flickr user Waxy Dan
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The houses, churches, kitchens, stables, stores, forges and other working buildings of this town were built underneath a rock hill around 2000BC. There are four levels to this three dimensional underground town linked by a complicated series of hundreds of horizontal tunnels and vertical ventilation shafts, but there were originally eight. With an underground mill and winery around 5000 people could shelter here in times of war. Later the towns residents built above ground as well as below but still used the underground town for storage and cellar space. A limited underground section was opened to tourists in the 60s.

Written by  World Reviewer Staff.

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