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Basilica di Santa Croce

Listed under Cathedrals in Florence, Italy.

  • Photo of Basilica di Santa Croce
  • Photo of Basilica di Santa Croce
  • Photo of Basilica di Santa Croce
  • Photo of Basilica di Santa Croce
  • Photo of Basilica di Santa Croce
  • Photo of Basilica di Santa Croce
Photo of Basilica di Santa Croce
Photo by flickr user van_mij
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The Basilica di Santa Croce (Basilica of the Holy Cross) is the principal Franciscan church of Florence, Italy. Situated on the Piazza Santa Croce to the east of the Duomo, it is best known for its Florentine artwork and its tombs of illustrious dead, including Michelangelo, Galileo and Machiavelli.

Legend has it that Santa Croce was founded by St Francis himself. The current church was probably begun in 1294, possibly by Arnolfo di Cambio, and paid for by some of the city's wealthiest families.

Santa Croce is a vast church. Its most notable features are its 16 chapels, many of them decorated with frescoes by Giotto and his pupils, and its funerary monuments.

The Museo dell'Opera di Santa Croce is housed mainly in the refectory, also off the cloister. A monument to Florence Nightingale stands in the cloister, in the city in which she was born and after which she was named. Brunelleschi also built the inner cloister, completed in 1453.

Written by  Martin Gray.

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