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Birka

Listed under Archaeological Sites in .

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Birka was an ancient trading port and Sweden’s first proper town. Set on what is now called the island of Björkö, the area is still being excavated for more details about Swedish life twelve hundred years ago. Originally a farming region, Birka began to be built up late in the 8th Century and thrived on sea trade for a period of around two hundred years, its population peaking at around a thousand. Being a commercial centre, many interesting finds have been unearthed here - Russian pearls, Arabic silver and other treasures have been turned up beside local artefacts and utensils. A multicultural city, international visitors arrived, liked what they saw and moved in beside local people, Christians and Pagans alike. Sweden’s first Christian congregation started here in the 9th Century. Most of the island is still verdant farmland owned by private farmers, but a museum has been built near the main dig site to house the finds from the buildings and burial sites unearthed.

Written by  World Reviewer Staff.

Other expert and press reviews

“Birka and Hovgården”

The Birka archaeological site is located on Björkö Island in Lake Mälar and was occupied in the 9th and 10th centuries. Hovgården is situated on the neighbouring island of Adelsö. Together, they make up an archaeological complex which illustrates the el… Read more...

Written by press. UNESCO

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