Java, the island of Indonesia’s capital, Jakarta, is the volcanic chain’s fifth largest island but has by far the greatest population with a whopping 124 million inhabitants. Once under the rule of the East India Trading Company, Java is a cultural melting pot, historically occupied by Indian Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms, then Muslim and finally European. This historic blend of cultures means there are ancient temples and monuments in the style of many different religions and peoples, two of the best known being Borobudur, a Buddhist stupa and Prambanan, a Hindu temple complex.
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